Exploratory testing is, more than strictly speaking a “practice,” a style or approach to testing software which is often contrasted to “scripted testing.”
Exploratory testing, is all about discovery, investigation and learning. It emphasizes on personal freedom and responsibility of the individual tester. Test cases are not created in advance but testers check system on the fly. They may note down ideas about what to test before test execution. The focus of exploratory testing is more on testing as a “thinking” activity.
« Back to Glossary Index
By contrast, under scripted testing, you design test cases first and later proceed with test execution. On the contrary, exploratory testing is simultaneous process of test design and test execution all done at the same time. Scripted Test Execution is usually a non-thinking activity where testers execute the test steps and compare the actual results with expected results. Such test execution activity can be automated does not require much cognitive skills.